A key difference is the salience of environmental data in the contemporary case. The information society encompassing entities such as the internet, satellites, interactive television and surveillance cameras changes the conditions and resources which are involved in environmental governance: old modes and concepts are increasingly being replaced by new, informational ones. Given its new and unpredictable agency, control over access to data is likely to become critical in future power struggles over environmental resources and their governance. The conclusion of the paper is that the principal benefit of environmental fiscal reforms is environmental, but there are no grounds for thinking that they are economically harmful. Finally, the introduction and other chapters also discuss how the theory of ecological modernization fits with global conventions on environmental reform, thereby helping explain its emergence and rapid development. The article concludes with an analytical discussion which frames these main findings within broader developments taking place in the global disaster management sector.
The academic landscape of environmental governance studies uncovered in this study enables the systematic accumulation and integration of fragmented knowledge on environmental governance to improve future studies. While environmental governance has been a significant topic in environmental studies, the shared understanding of diverse streams of literature on environmental governance remains unclear because of the vast number of publications on the topic without explicit and systemic interlinkages among them. On Ecological and Political Modernisation, Janicke, M. The consequence is that citizens are provided with little specific information that cannot be used to put pressure on polluters. Maar ook hier zijn kritische kanttekeningen bij te plaatsen omdat het uiteindelijk onduidelijk is wie voor de kosten van de informatiesystemen opdraait, wie ervan profiteert en wat de risico's zijn Mol, 2006.
The Origins and Theoretical Foundations of Ecological Modernization Theory, Mol, A. De problemen in handelsketens waren met name zo hardnekkig omdat de nadelige milieu-en sociale effecten in productielanden onzichtbaar ble- ven voor bedrijven en consumenten hier. As the information revolution continues to accelerate, the environment remains high on public and political agendas around the world. Ecological Modernization of Industrial Systems, Koppen C. It sets out the criticisms of ecological modernisation as a theory of social change and puts forward a compelling argument for a sociology of environmental reform. Transformations in Environmental Governance and Participation, Fisher, D.
The conditions for these developments are traced through the institutional and operational dynamics among key stakeholders at international, State and local levels. Environmental activism and advocacy; 9. Although contemporary methods of environmental regulation have registered some significant accomplishments, the current system of environmental law is not working well enough. As illustrated by several examples, the conventional powers of state authority in environmental protection are partly replaced by informational resources, flows, and processes in new governance arrangements and networks. This book will appeal to scholars and students of environmental studies and politics, political sociology, geography and communications studies. Greening the networked economy; 8. Worthy of note as well is that several studies differentiate between weak and strong ecological modernization.
This paper explores the emerging role of Big Data in environmental governance. One success story is the virtual elimination of airborne lead in the United States. Since the mid-1990s, there has been substantially increasing academic interest in use of information disclosure as a regulatory tool to affect environmentally related behavior by firms. This paper looks into the limited emergence of informational governance arrangements in environmental protection in two cases characterizing the informational periphery: China and Vietnam. This issue is especially pronounced in lower- and middle-income countries, where not only data are scarce but where pressure on water resources is often already very high and increasing. Recycling has begun to reduce levels of municipal waste. Scale mismatches between marine ecosystems and their governance systems are increasingly affecting marine resource management of small islands.
Hence this perspective has its critics, particularly neo-Marxist and neo-Malthusian ones, and the book briefly responds to these as well. Environmental Big Data is now a key actor within the networks that constitute and enact environmental governance. First the good news: Since the first Earth Day in 1970, smog has decreased in the United States by thirty percent. This paper discusses recent developments in the area of energy and environmental taxes in selected European countries. Democratic Ethics and Ecological Modernization: The Formulation of California's Automobile Emission Standards, Gonzalez, G. We argue here this overlooks how power relations, user characteristics, system arrangements, and technological advances modulate fundamental associations between data, evidence, and governance, which we contend need to be considered explicitly.
This PhD research will investigate and compare the adaptation of marine communities on offshore oil and gas storage and cruise tourism to those scale mismatches in marine resource management in two exemplary regions. It is aimed at students, researchers and policymakers interested in a deep understanding of contemporary environmental issues '. Why Ecological Modernisation and Sustainable Development should not be Conflated, Langhelle, O. The resulting environmental data now takes centre stage in increasingly heated debates over how the harbour should be managed: overturning long-held assumptions about environmental interactions, inducing changes in regulatory practices and institutions, fracturing historical alliances and shaping the on-going legitimacy of the industry. It originated in the United States but has recently attracted international attention. This definitive collection showcases an introduction to Ecological Modernisation Theory; state-of-the-art review essays by key international scholars and a selection of the key articles from a quarter-century of social science scholarship. Studies of such disputes reveal the dynamic and conflictual nature of information disclosure.
Tension exists between local and global dimensions in the ecosystem and the community using the resources, but also between economic development of maritime activities and nature conservation of marine ecosystems. Drilling and railroad companies have resisted both demands. Professor Neil Car Arthur P. . Consequently, eight major research clusters were identified: Market; Conceptual development; Transparency and information; Scale; Global environment State ; Global environment Non-state ; Participation and democracy; and Collaboration. Ecological Modernisation, Ecological Modernities, Christoff, P. The available empirical evidence suggests that disclosure has a positive impact on the environmental performance of industrial facilities as well as a democratising effect.
Sonnenfeld Part 1: Foundations of Ecological Modernization Theory 2. Part 4: Environmental Reform in Asian and Other Emerging Economies 19. These two topics are rarely connected, but information - its collection, processing, accessibility and verification - is crucial in dealing with environmental challenges such as climate change, unsustainable consumption, biodiversity conservation and waste management. Information generation, processing, transmission, and use become fundamental re sources of power and transformation in environmental reform. Ocean dumping has been curtailed.