If outsiders in their capacities as government policy makers, directors of aid programmes, or academics informing the former do not understand and come to acknowledge this, there are serious implications for the very people we aim to understand, discuss, and support. Small Enterprises in Makassar: Inter-firm Dynamics 7. While focusing on the ethnic minority cultivators active in these commodity chains, we also call for more nuanced understandings of how the trade in forest products fits within local agricultural systems and household livelihood decision making processes in the Vietnam uplands. The articles provide insights into the struggles and constraints they faced in the field, set against an understanding of the historical context of field research in these locales. Hanoi : The Gioi Publishers. While there have been calls for new approaches to state regulation and planning affecting informal economic activities such as street vending, little is known about the everyday governance of street vendors, in other words, how informal workers self- organise and regulate their work.
Main problems faced by small producers and the government policy environment are highlighted through several detailed examples. The Chinese, Vietnamese and Lao spaces within the upland Southeast Asian massif, sheltering over 80 million people belonging to geographically dispersed and politically fragmented minority populations, have only recently reopened to overseas academic endeavours. We explore the degree to which these events impact the livelihood portfolios and food security of ethnic minority farmers, and examine the coping strategies households initiate, based on their ecological knowledge as well as recent market integration initiatives. Agricultural intensification is at the core of the current agrarian transition in Southeast Asia. Indonesia's Small Entrepreneurs : Trading on the Margins. By doing so, the paper reveals the diverse livelihood strategies that traders have put in place to survive through these turbulent times.
Geographers have, however, paid scant attention to these interactions between performers and their audiences analytically. Young entrepreneurs establishing enterprises in Hanoi, Vietnam, are faced with an economic environment very different from that of their parents' generation, as doi moi renovation introduced in 1986 creates an increasingly capitalist market economy. Retrospect and Prospect About the Author Sarah Turner is a Lecturer in the Department of Geography, University of Otago, New Zealand. Nonetheless, xe ôm drivers have reacted with subtle everyday politics to reshape their mobilities, with tactics including performing 'identity management' with police, information gathering via social networks and inventive efforts to build loyal customers. Ottawa: International Development Research Centre. It reveals how such individuals, of highland minority and majority Kinh ethnicities, negotiate the political reality of an international border in highly pragmatic ways as they augment their livelihoods by trading commodities with inhabitants in south-west China.
Not only are these shops essential outlets for routine wares but also, vis-à-vis a number of more nuanced roles, trade stores play a critical part in configuring the day-to-day survival and opportunities of local residents. The book's thorough emphasis on building business plans ensures that you can effectively create, manage, and analyze a plan for your own venture. The governor general ordered the French military to administer these borderlands and to complete two surveys of local 'tribes' in 1897—1898 and 1903—1904 to make upland populations and their livelihoods more legible and, the administration hoped, more controllable. The northern uplands of Vietnam are witness to rapidly developing commodity markets for a range of forest and agricultural products. This article explores the cross-border trading networks and practices of highland residents in north-west Vietnam. Hanoi: Nha xuat ban Chinh tri Quoc gia.
Planning and urban development policies over the past two decades have served to reinforce these developments. While livelihood outcomes of hybrid seed adoption include increased maize yields, local farmers highlight numerous drawbacks, including unstable input prices, limited storage periods, pest concerns, and the increased reliance on cash. Thus while state policies extoll the virtues of high-yielding hybrid maize for poverty reduction, we find that food availability is an overemphasized element of household food security and upland agricultural development policies. We argue that this event and the actors involved profoundly change student identities and alter educational aspirations. The application of this new framework for research reveals the diversity of labour flexibility, networking and cluster styles amongst the enterprises studies, and the constraints they face for growth. Strong preferences for the taste of traditional local maize, as well as concerns over regular harvests, lead many households to resist the full adoption of new hybrid varieties and redirect hybrid maize to livestock feed and household alcohol production instead.
Political environment: central controlUrban labour force; Small enterprises in Indonesia; Development disparities in Eastern Indonesia; Sulawesi, South Sulawesi and Makassar; Conclusion: the scene; 5 Small enterprises in Makassar: internal dynamics; Enterprise history and organisation; Production; Labour flexibility; 6 Small enterprises in Makassar: inter-firm dynamics; Networks and trust; Innovation; Clusters and collective efficiency; The future: attitudes and expectations; Conclusion: diversity in dynamics; 7 Constraints to small enterprise growth; Growth levels; Organisation. Setting the Scene: The Context of Production 5. Drawing on field studies in Hanoi we consider whether such entrepreneurs are able to take advantage of social capital networks—namely, bonding, bridging or linking, or indeed if they are disadvantaged by them in the establishment and operations of their enterprises. Researchers discussed the results agreement and disagreement with two experts from industry. Includes bibliographical references pages 213-214 Subjects. This study of the resettlement village of Thụy Điển analyses the social networks and different forms of social capital being utilised by the resettled sampan dwellers as part of their changing livelihoods and questions whether the social capital formed will indeed lead to a long term decrease in vulnerability.
Rural and Urban Constructions of Identity in Eastern Europe, East Asia and the former Soviet Union, pp. This specific context is introduced here, followed by a critique of the literature on the core themes that contributors raise. Imitating small enterprise flexibility: Walls Ice Cream; Glossary; Notes; Bibliography; Index. Approaches to Small Enterprise Research 3. Studies by Hainsworth et al. Small Enterprises in Makassar: Internal Dynamics 6. In colonial Southeast Asia, the process of enclosure aimed to integrate communities living in the.
Undertaking social sciences research there among ethnic minority groups is underscored by a specific set of challenges, dilemmas, and negotiations. Socialist Republic Of Vietnam 2001 Decree of the Government on Supporting for Development of Small and Medium Enterprises. As the Vietnamese socialist state privileges 'modern' mobilities over so-called 'traditional' mea. While critiquing the literature on different conceptualisations of resistance, from rural resistance at the micro level, through to collective action and open protest, revolutionary movements, and even regional and global transnational movements, we propose three core arguments. . Based on longitudinal research with Hmong informants, I examine to what extent their livelihood strategies have led to wealth creation or differentiation.
Vietnam Investment Review 2003 Small, medium businesses missing out on bank loans, 18 August. This dependence reflects different social capital forms, embedded in local ethnic and social relations that are inclusionary for some, yet exclusionary for others. In this unique context that nowadays interweaves economic liberalisation with centralised and authoritarian political structures, the authors explore how they have negotiated and manoeuvred access to ethnic minority voices in complex cultural configurations. The Vietnamese government, along with country-based non-government organisations, are well aware of the vulnerability of Vietnam's coastal and low-lying areas to extreme weather events. Building upon urban livelihoods, everyday politics and resistance concepts, an analysis is made of in-depth interviews with itinerant and fixed-stall vendors to unravel their heterogeneous responses to such revanchist policies. Handbook of Theory and Research for the Sociology of Education, pp.