Because of this ability, they are frequently crossed with Jersey cattle to create dairy cows that produce high quality milk and are suitable for many environments. Morgan, under date of 1870 ; of Mr. Canada has become an important and aggressive exporter of Ayrshire genetics worldwide, including back to Scotland and Britain. This form becomes more strongly marked with age, when the animal has been abundantly supplied with food. Browse subject: Dairy cattle breeds The Online Books Page Browsing subject area: Dairy cattle breeds You can also from this subject or from: Dairy cattle breeds See also what's at , or. Abbott again imports, — this time two cows, Viola and Elsie.
Most modern Ayrshire cattle are dehorned as calves for animal and human safety. In 1869 we ourselves found butter made exten- sively in the dairies throughout the county ; and in all the cheese dairies that came under our observa- tion, the Sunday's milk was reserved for the making of butter. In 1861 owned by- Thomas Anthony and exhibited at New York State Fair. In 1290 the monasteries of Teviotdale had much pasture land, and the minute and careful ar- rangement of their mountain pastures , of the folds for their sheep, and the byres for their cattle, and the lodges or temporary dwellings for their attendants, show that they paid the greatest attention to this part of their extensive farming. This classic cow is any shade of red or brown including mahogany and white, although either colour may predominate. Ayr, at the johiing of river to sea, the most considerable town, is midway between the northern and southern extremities, some eighty miles apart.
Says Captain Davy, ' The head should be small, with a broad, indented forehead, tapering con- siderably towards the nostrils ; the nose of a creamy white ; the jaws clean and free from flesh ; the eye bright, lively, and prominent, encircled by a deep orange-colored ring ; the ears thin, the horns of the cow long, spreading, and gracefully turned up. In September In October In November In December In January, 1838. Well defined at shoulders, loose jointed, yet level. That their size has a connection with the grain of thel ut- ter, it is in the power of any one to convince himself by direct experiment. The cattle roamed at pleasure and poached all the arable ground, now saturated with the winter rains, so that it was spoiled for the crop of the following year. Read, also, chap v, vol.
When a cow gets out of condition she oftentimes falls away in her milk very rapidly, and a microscopic examination of her milk may show the presence of colostrum corpuscles. It was fine-grained, and the fat and lean so well mixed as to produce the marbled appear- « Pr. It has not, as in the Prince Albert Suffolk swine, quite subjected her to its behests. Our scheme concerns itself first with the earlier records. We should there- fore expect that the great development of the udder in its functional and structural relations would have an influence in checking excessive development of other parts. It contains, therefore, all the elements needed for development and growth, and, chemi- cally, is thus a perfect food. Its milk is known for its high protein-to-fat ratio.
In general, the time required for churning milk or cream from the same breed, into butter, has a close relation to the size of the globule. Dairy Cattle Breed 6- Ayrshire Ayrshire are a large breed of cattle, with the breed association specifying that cows should weigh well over 1,200 pounds. They were of large size, and had the ears, muzzle, and tip of the tail, black. Hence all folds and wrinkles, the large brisket, excessive growth of horn, and all extremes in non-essential points, are discountenanced by the breeder. The fact should not escape us that all breeds will not show to equal advantage when brought into the same locality. They are cream colored, with black muzzles and ears ; their fine, sharp horns are also tipped with black.
Loose, thin, and soft like a glove. The current world record for Ayrshire is held by Lette Farms Betty's Ida. This continual process of cellular death and birth, the income and outgo of cells, that follow each other like the waves of the sea, each difierent yet each the same, is metamorphosis of tissue. Cadzow Castle occupies a site on the banks of the Avon in Lanarkshire, at one extremity of the ancient Caledonian Wood. The small horn beautifully curving, the thin ear, the fine tail of good length and well switched, and the color, each and all add value. It is divided, also, into three sections, so that each of the sections com- prehends the eight orders. Origin: Brought to America around 1800 from the county of Ayr Scotland Characteristics: Rusty-red and white in color, Ayrshires adapt easily to their environment.
Lewis Sturtevant and Joseph N. A sketch of the county of Ayr of the past and present will naturally precede the division we have devoted to the presentation of the documen- tary evidence concerning the origin of the Ayrshire breed ; and the history of their origin, as founded on the preceding chapters, will follow next in course. Actually, the red color is a reddish-brown mahogany that varies in shade from very light to very dark. Buttery's dairy of thirty cows, at Calder Bank, the average annual produce is 2,941 wine quarts per cow. While the Ayrshire may be as well, or better, adapted to afford profit in the favored localities than other breeds, we bespeak specially her superior claims for such half-fertile localities, where as great work is required of the animal in the obtaining of food as in the utilization of it.
Further- more, the temperature of the close udder is retained and maintained by a less expenditure of force, that is, food, than the pendent one, which exposes a larger surface to the air, and places the obstacle of gravity to the flow of the blood. Peel, of Canada, is said to have brought over in this year a bull, Roxborough, and a cow. This is a proportion of about 1 to 8 or 9 pounds. Short, all pointing outward, and at a considerable dis- tance from each other. The tribes which formed this community led a pastoral life, living on the milk of their flocks and the produce of the chase.
It is seldom that human agency has effected so much in the environment of a country, as took place with such remarkable activity in Scotland : which changed a waste into a garden ; which furnished such con- trasts between what might have been seen by an individual in the course of an ordinary life-time. As the Duke of Gordon had his family seat in this shire, and as the dates of the two state- ments agree, it is possible that they refer to the same event. Owing to this basin-like character, from certain elevations more land under culture can be seen at one time than in any other county in Scotland. These percentages were read off after standing 24 hours. There are instincts and nerves here ; enough to supply a herd of Short-horns. This is the breed that is easily recognized for its distinct black and white pattern. Archived from on 22 June 2015.